Climate Action Plan
The City of Redmond is committed to address climate change locally, regionally and nationally by taking action to lessen greenhouse gas emissions. Policies in Redmond’s Comprehensive Plan, climate change planning and carbon footprint reduction strategies outlined in the City’s Climate Action Implementation Plan (See Resolution Number 1413) and Resolution 1476 supporting the Paris Climate Agreement collectively provide a strategic framework to effect change in both our City operations and community’s carbon footprint.
The City of Redmond tracks its operational carbon footprint by the following sectors: buildings and facilities (includes parks), street lights and traffic signals, water delivery and wastewater facilities, vehicle fleet, and employee commute. Data is gathered from various sources, including, but not limited to: Puget Sound Energy for electricity and natural gas consumption; Cascade Water Alliance and Redmond’s water utility for water consumption; Waste Management for composting, recycling, and trash production; Washington State Department of Transportation for commute trip reduction data; and various City departments for additional information.
Below are the metrics which describe Redmond’s own operational greenhouse gas emissions since 2011; prior to that year, the City used a different protocol and software package to track emissions. The City first calculated its operational carbon footprint in 2008 under this prior software. Conversion of the raw data for 2008 into Scope 5 yields a baseline of 7,540 tons of equivalent carbon dioxide (eCO2). On November 17, 2015, the City Council adopted Resolution Number 1436, which identifies greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets for government operations. These targets are: 20% below 2008 levels by 2020; 40% below 2008 levels by 2030; 60% below 2008 levels by 2040; and 80% below 2008 levels by 2050.
The data presented in this figure is based on greenhouse gas generated from electricity and natural gas consumption for city buildings, facilities, water and sewer utilities, and streetlights and traffic signals. Additionally, vehicle fleet (powered by various fuels) and employee commuting travel contribute greenhouse gas emissions. Knowing which sectors generate the most emissions will help the City prioritize and inform strategic decision making on how we can lower our operations carbon footprint.
The dip in emissions for 2013 is directly related to energy consumption. During this time, Puget Sound Energy, the City's energy provider, made a switch in software and not all data was recovered.
The blue target line depicts the Redmond government operations 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target. This goal is based on a 20% reduction in the city operations' 2008 baseline emissions.
Community emissions is the sum of emissions created by natural gas combustion, vehicle-related ("mobile") combustion, electricity generation (served by Puget Sound Energy), and waste disposal practices for the entire community of Redmond. NOTE: This does include emissions from City government operations; more detail is contained in the separate Government Operations tab.
Metric tonnes (also known as metric tons) is the common international unit for emissions, often written as “metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent” (MTCO2e). This unit converts all greenhouse gases into the equivalent of one tonne of CO2 and accounts for the lifespan and potency of that particular gas to trap heat in the atmosphere.
This graph shows trends over time and includes commercial, industrial and residential electricity and natural gas usage, vehicle miles traveled, compost and waste emissions. This figure does not include any municipal emissions. Note that the data in this figure should be viewed as a best estimate using available data rather than an exact metric.
Emissions data is calculated using raw utility data converted to emission estimates. This conversion is done with an EPA program called eGRID which calculates emission conversions that are regionally specific. Visit the EPA's eGRID page for more information.
The BLUE target line depicts Redmond’s 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target. This goal is based on a 25% reduction in the city’s 2008 baseline emissions.
In 2016, the population for Redmond was approximately 60,560; on average that year, each resident produced 13.1 metric tonnes of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs). King County’s “geographic plus” emissions in 2008 were reported as 12.4 metric tonnes per capita.
The BLUE target line shows the City’s goal of 25% reduction from 2008 translated into a Redmond per capita emissions level by 2020, 16.6 tonnes eCO2.
The data presented in this figure include all residential, commercial and industrial emissions divided by the number of residents of Redmond, and do not depict GHG offsets from programs that can help prevent carbon emissions (e.g. recycling or composting instead of landfilling it, etc.).
A Regional Approach
The City of Redmond joined the King County- Cities Climate Collaboration in 2014 to leverage our efforts to reduce the local and global impact of climate change. The King County- Cities Climate Collaboration, or K4C for short, is a group of 13 cities along with King County taking action to reduce carbon pollution from transportation, energy supply, consumption, buildings, and land use. K4C is also working to set shared goals and lead by example. The Growth Management Planning Council (GMPC) of King County adopted a target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 25% in 2020 compared to 2007, 50% by 2030, and 80% by 2050 which are now a shared commitment of the K4C. This stepped goal is based on the science of the Intergovernmental panel for Climate Change (IPCC), who has modeled this type of global carbon budget trajectory is necessary to avoid the worst of global climate change. Visit King County-Cities Climate Collaboration (K4C) for more information.