Cultural Resources

Archaeological Resources
Historic photo of the Bill Brown Saloon
The integration of the built features with the pastures and open space are important elements of the
Traditional Cultural Place Property

Cultural resources can be defined as physical evidence or place of past human activity. Sites, objects, landscapes, structures can all be cultural resources. A cultural resource can also be a site, structure, landscape, object or natural feature of significance to a group of people traditionally associated with it. 

These resources provide the community with a tangible connection to its history and heritage. Federal, state, county, and City of Redmond regulations protect cultural resources and provide direction for their management.

  1. Archaeological Resources
  2. Historic Structures
  3. Cultural Landscapes
  4. Traditional Cultural Places
  5. Significance of the Bear Creek Site

Archaeological ResourcesArchaeological resources provide tangible evidence of past human cultures. In the United States, archaeological sites are typically characterized as pre-contact (before the arrival of Europeans) or historic (after the arrival of Europeans). 

There are many types of archaeological resources but the most common are artifacts and features.


  • Baskets
  • Cans
  • Pottery
  • Projectile points
  • Shards of glass
  • Textiles
  • Tools


  • Hearths
  • Pathways
  • Trash pits
  • Vegetation
  • Walls

Activities That Can Harm Cultural Resources

Cultural resources can be damaged in many ways. Demolition of a building or destruction of buried archaeological materials through digging or trenching are common ways resources are affected by human activities. However, there are many intangible elements in addition to the physical features that are important to consider.

For example, dust from the use of equipment during construction or the frequent noise of vehicles could impact the use of a traditional cultural place by an Indian tribe.